Buddhism As a System of Psychotherapy
In many places of the Pali literature, the Buddha is particularly known by two identical terms, namely ‘bhisakko’ and ‘sallakatho’. These terms bear the meaning of unsurpassable (anuttaro) doctor and surgeon respectively. As far as Tikicchaka and Vamana Suttas are concerned, it is obvious why the Buddha is named by these terms. The main concern of Ayurveda is the physical well-being of mankind. Ayurveda had probably been developed in ancient times according to the Atharvaveda and orally transmitted. It is only around the Buddha’s time, when these were put in writing, that all the Philosophical Schools started paying attention to psychological problems rather than physical issues. Nevertheless, according to the Brahamajāla Sutta, the 62 ideologies which emerged at the period of the Buddha had been unable to recognize the pathology of human psychological problems and to prescribe treatments for those problems through relevant approaches. Therefore, in the entire context of Buddhist philosophy, the main concern is centered on psychological issues and various relevant treatment approaches. In the first discourse, the Dhammacakkapavatana Sutta, various human predicaments and the way to get rid of them are explained. From the outset the Buddha has been named as bhisakko (doctor) and sallkatto (surgeon), not because he was a physician, but with regard to his role in eliminating various psychological problems. Thus, the two terms coined by the Buddhist tradition has coined these two terms to prove the role played by the Buddha not as physician but as a Psychiatrist.
- Buddhism, System, Psychotherapy
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